Volume 10, Issue 2 (2023 2023)                   JRH 2023, 10(2): 21-32 | Back to browse issues page

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Khani Jeihooni A, khiyali Z, mohammadkhah F, Keshavarzi M H, Hayat A A. Relationship between Spiritual Health and Religious Beliefs with the Preventive Behaviors of COVID-19 Based on the Health Belief Model. JRH 2023; 10 (2) :21-32
URL: http://jrh.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-990-en.html
Departement of Public Health, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
Abstract:   (755 Views)
Background and purpose: Preventive behavior is the best way to control COVID-19 disease. Therefore, the present study was conducted to determine the relationship between spiritual health and religious beliefs with the preventive behavior of COVID-19, based on the health belief model.
Materials and Methods: The present study is a descriptive cross-sectional study performed on 400 citizens of Shiraz, Iran, who were selected through available sampling. For data collection, questionnaires of demographic variables, health belief model, Ellison’s spiritual well-being scale, and God lucus of health control scale were used. The collected data was analyzed in SPSS software (version 22) using descriptive and analytical statistical tests.
Results: The mean age of participants was 36.95 ± 10.52 years. Around 61% of the participants were women and 27% of them had university education. Correlation coefficient test showed a significant correlation between COVID-19 preventing behaviors and the structures of health belief model, spiritual well-being, and God's place in health control (P<0.05). The constructs of perceived benefits, spiritual health (existential and religious), God's place in health control, perceived sensitivity, and self-efficacy were the strongest predictors of behavior (P<0.05). In regression analysis, the studied variables predicted 64.6% of the variance of COVID-19 preventive behaviors.
Conclusion: The results of this study showed the relationship between spiritual health and religious beliefs with COVID-19 preventive behaviors, based on the health belief model. It should be mentioned that in carrying out an educational intervention to prevent the COVID-19 disease using the health belief model, spiritual health, and religious beliefs of people should be considered.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: آموزش بهداشت

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