Volume 5, Issue 2 (2017 2018)                   JRH 2018, 5(2): 13-22 | Back to browse issues page

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Ali Parvandi A, Moradi A, Arefi M. Prediction of Mental Health Based on Hope and Religious Orientation among Female Householders. JRH 2018; 5 (2) :13-22
URL: http://jrh.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-441-en.html
Department of Psychology and Counseling, Kerman-shah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran
Abstract:   (3496 Views)
Background and Purpose: Female householders, for reasons such as playing multiple roles, poverty, and loneliness, are one of the vulnerable social groups, especially from a mental health point of view. In this study, we aimed to predict mental health based on hope and religious orientation among female householders.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive, correlational study, 150 female householders were selected via the convenience sampling method. The participants completed General Health Questionnaire, Allport’s Intrinsic/Extrinsic Religious Orientation Scale, and Snyder's adult hope scale. For the data analysis, Pearson correlation coefficient and simultaneous multiple regression were run.
Results: There was a significant negative correlation between hope and mental health and intrinsic religious orientation and mental health (r=0.386, P<0.01). In addition, there was a significant direct correlation between extrinsic religious orientation and mental health (r=0.388, P<0.01). Regression analysis showed that hope and religious orientation, together, predicted 45% of the variance in mental health.
Conclusion: Based on the findings, it can be concluded that hope and intrinsic religious orientation decrease anxiety, insomnia, severe depression, somatic symptoms, and social dysfunction. However, extrinsic religious orientation exacerbate these symptoms. Therefore, hope and intrinsic religious orientation are important factors in positive coping responses to life problems and could maintain mental health among female householders.
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Type of Study: Review | Subject: Islamic- Iranian Medicine

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