Volume 10, Issue 2 (2023 2023)                   JRH 2023, 10(2): 33-45 | Back to browse issues page

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Department of Social Science, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
Abstract:   (758 Views)
Background and Purpose: The present study aimed to predict resilience based on hope and mediation of gratitude in female heads of households (in Bam) during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Materials and Methods: The research was conducted by survey method. The statistical population included all female heads of households covered by the welfare of Bam, Iran. Based on Westlan's formula, 390 women were selected using the available sampling method. The instruments used to collect data included  Connor and Davison's standard resilience questionnaire (2003), Goodarzi's Iranian-Islamic thanksgiving (2014), and Miller's hope (1988). Data were analyzed in SPSS and Amoss software packages.
Results: The results of the research pointed out that the female heads of households in Bam had high gratitude and hope. Moreover, there was a direct and significant relationship between hope and resilience, as well as gratitude and resilience (P<0.001). In addition to the direct effect, hope also affected resilience indirectly through gratitude (P<0.001).
Conclusion: As evidenced by the results of the research, it can be stated that gratitude to God and hope will enhance people's resilience in the face of problems.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Sociology

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